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Mountain Ash

An Australian hardwood, and the tallest of the eucalyptus, Mountain Ash is from the mountain regions of Tasmania and Eastern Victoria.

It may be grouped with Alpine Ash and Messmate and marketed under the trade names Tasmanian Oak or Victorian Ash, although it is important to note that the proportions of each species can vary considerably.

Mountain Ash has a straight grain but visible gum veins are common. With its course or stringy texture, it is sometimes referred to as 'Stringy Gum'. Mountain Ash is similar in appearance to Alpine Ash. The heartwood is pale brown, sometimes pinkish and, like alpine ash, the sapwood is not always clearly distinguishable. A fiddle back marking may occur at the butt.

Care needs to be taken when drying Mountain Ash because of its proneness to collapse and internal checking, as well as surface checking on the tangential surface. There is minimal shrinkage after drying. To ensure good quality boards, logs will be quarter-cut which provides excellent dimensional stability. Reconditioning is standard practice.

Mountain Ash can be used for general construction, such as framing, and interior applications such as flooring, paneling, high-end joinery and furniture. It is also used to manufacture plywood and may also be used for weatherboards, cooperage and pulp.

Botanical name
Eucalyptus delegatensis
Eucalyptus gigantean
Alpine Ash grows in the cold climate areas of Tasmania, eastern Victoria and south-eastern New South Wales.
Trading names
Alpine Ash

A mixture of two similar species--Alpine Ash and Mountain Ash--is often marketed as Vic Ash or Victorian Ash.

Heartwood pale pink or pale yellowish brown.
Sapwood not clearly distinguishable.
Texture moderately coarse.
Grain usually straight but sometimes wavy, producing a fiddleback figure.
Growth rings conspicuous.
General comment
Needs much care in drying because of proneness to collapse and internal checking, as well as surface checking on the tangential surface.

Reconditioning is standard practice.

For good-quality boards it is usual practice to quarter cut the logs.

Common uses
General construction, furniture, plywood, joinery, paneling, flooring, oars, skis, agricultural implements, handles, cooperage.
(See notes below)
Hardness rating
Average Hardness Rating - Dry: Soft

Lyctid Susceptibility of Sapwood
Origin Tasmania, New South Wales--Susceptible
Origin Victoria--Not susceptible
Origin not known--Susceptible
(source AS 5604)

Termite Resistance of Heartwood (inside above ground)
Not resistant
(source AS 5604)

Marine Borer Resistance of Heartwood
Class 4
(source AS 5604)

Natural Durability Rating of Heartwood Above Ground
Class 3
(source AS 5604)

Natural Durability Rating of Heartwood In-Ground Contact
Class 4
(source AS 5604)

Density: 'Green Density' (GD) is the density of the wood at the time the living tree is felled. It varies considerably with the season, weather conditions, the age of the tree and so on; the quoted figure must therefore be accepted as a guideline only and when accurate green density figures are required for, say, assessment of transport costs, it is advisable to carry out accurate determinations on the materials involved.

'Dry Density' or 'Air Dry Density' (ADD) is the average density of the wood at 12 per cent moisture content. It too varies with conditions of growth, climate and maturity of wood.

There are published figures for both Green Density and Air Dry Density of most commercial species.

The figures given above have been rounded to the nearest 50.

Hardness rating: The hardness rating of a timber species is measured by the Janka Test. This is a standard test which measures the penetration into the timber of a common load and projectile. The results relate to a hardness capacity of the material and are expressed in kN. This information is useful where the timber may be subject to potential damage from impacts e.g. a dance floor. There are 2 sets of published figures; one for 'Green' or freshly felled timber and one for seasoned timber - i.e. timber with a moisture content of 12%.

The ratings given here are:
Soft - less than 5.5
Moderate - 5.5 to 7.0
Hard - 7.1 to 10.0
Very Hard - greater than 10.0.

Lyctid susceptible sapwood: Only the sapwood of some hardwoods is susceptible to lyctid borer attack. No softwoods are susceptible to attack.

Natural durability ratings: The natural durability rating of a timber species is a rating of the timber's resistance to attack by wood destroying fungi and wood destroying insects. The sapwood of all timber species has poor resistance and so the natural durability rating applies only to the heartwood of a timber species. The rating is based on the testing of stakes and poles embedded in the ground and on expert opinion of historical performance. There are 2 sets of ratings: one for above ground use and one for in-ground contact use. The lower the number the higher the performance in terms of durability. This information is useful for specifying material for external or exposed applications.




Sydney Blue Gum
Victorian Ash

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